Reproduction of Flowering Plant:
Pollination -> Fertilisation -> Seed Dispersal -> Germination
Himalayan Balsam plant dispersing it seeds by exploding, sending the seeds up to 23 feet away
The Balsam fruit has a pod-like structure with seeds that are quite light. The seeds are dispersed by splitting action or otherwise known as explosive action. Such structural adaptation helps to disperse the seeds far away from the parent plant
Seed dispersal can help to prevent overcrowding and reduce the competition between the young and adult plant for water, space, nutrients and sunlight.